## INITIATIVE

People Tree is a different kind of fashion business giving customers an alternative to fast fashion. People Tree considers the impact that the climate has due to fast fashion and which leads to devastating impact, such as pollution global warming. Slow Fashion means standing up against exploitation, family separation, slum cities and pollution – all the things that make fast fashion so successful.

Creative input: Emma Watson travelled to Bangladesh to see the collection being made by the locals.

I like the intricate detail of weaving, it is time consuming but every effective interns of making fabric.

The process of weaving is something that I find fascinating. Researching on this process is inspiring me to experiment with this technique in this project.

The use of the machinery and how the threads are tied to the end of the loom, creating a very affective image of weaving.

## looking at different ways of weaving

BOOK RESEARCH- CSM LIBRARY

BOOK: Weaving Textiles-That Shape Themselves by Ann Richards

## weaving with raw materials

Book research : CSM LIBRARY

SOURCE: Textile and Weaving Structures - a source book for makers and designers by Peter COLLINGWOOD.

PHOTOGRAPH BY dAVID CRIPPS

## BOOK RESEARCH

PROCESS - Burning

Book source: LIFE STYLE - Your surrounding and how they affect you

CSM LIBRARY - BY DR. PRTER MARSH

Landscape In Bangladesh Is Full Of Trash  If we don’t make changes now the whole world will look like this someday.

PROCESS : Dumping /Waste

## TRASH BURNING WORLDWIDE SIGNIFICANTLY WORSENS AIR POLLUTION

A new study led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research estimates that more than 40 percent of the world’s garbage is burned in such fires, emitting gases and particles that can substantially affect human health and climate change.

THE IMPACT

Climate change refers to a broad range of global phenomena created predominantly by burning fossil fuels, which add heat-trapping gases to Earth’s atmosphere. These phenomena include the increased temperature trends described by global warming, but also encompass changes such as sea level rise; ice mass loss in Greenland, Antarctica, the Arctic and mountain glaciers worldwide; shifts in flower/plant blooming; and extreme weather events. These weather events effects countries with low land such as Bangladesh, which natural disasters such as flooding.

https://climate.nasa.gov/resources/global-warming/

## Bangladesh: Clean Air and Sustainable Environment Project

Bangladesh’s cities are experiencing steady urban growth. This has great potential to drive sustainable development.

The development objective of the Clean Air and Sustainable Environment Project for Bangladesh is to improve air quality and safe mobility in Dhaka through the implementation of demonstration initiatives in urban transport and brick making.

## Sylhet, Bangladesh, the river that gets flooded every year

The threat posed by climate change in Bangladesh

## Regular floods are destroying homes and livelihoods but also food crops,

Flooding is a significant obstacle to the development of Bangladesh, which is home to two of the largest river systems in the world: the Brahmaputra and the Ganges. In the year of 2012 the floods arrived after the harvest of the dry season rice crop – locally known as boro – but the waters hampered planting for the next crop and prevented villagers in some areas from taking their produce to market. Because the flooding leaves communities isolated, income-generating activities are also severely curtailed.

## the Meghna is the longest (669 km) river in Bangladesh

THE GANGES, THE BRAHAPUTRA AND THE MEGHNA AND THEIR TRIBUTARIES, AS THEY MAKE THEIR FINAL JOURNEY TO THE SEA.

THESE RIVERS ARE THE CONSTANT SOURCE OF DANGER TO THE COUNTRY.

## Flooded fields, south of Shapur Bazar, Khulna Division, Bangladesh

How the rice & Jute plantation is being affected by flooding each year?

## RICE PLANTATION, DUE TO flooding every year farmers looses their crops and unable to hervest for many months.

Jute is a influential sector from economical, agricultural, industrial, and commercial point of view in Bangladesh. Once upon a time jute was called the ‘Golden Fibre’ of Bangladesh. But due to continuous loss every year, the present and future prosperity and growth of this industry is in a vulnerable condition.

http://textiletribune.blogspot.com/2015/02/jute-industry-worries-deep-sufferers.html

## flooding level increasing every year by 80 inch- water invading their house, making them loose their shelter

EVERY YEAR AT LEAST 70 TO 80 INCHES OF RAIN ADDS TO THE WATER BROUGHT BY THREE GREAT RIVERS.

## The river system

Brahmaputra-Jamuna system' the Brahmaputra-Jamuna river is about 280 km long and extends from northern Bangladesh to its confluence with the ganges.

http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=River_and_Drainage_System

## PROCESS- DYING

Dye-soaked cotton used for weaving traditional Lungi‘s dry under the sun at Ruhitpur Ramer Kanda village, near Dhaka, Bangladesh. Once more than 100 families was involved with the handloom, but these days mass use of power loom, only two families are involved with the handloom tradition at the Ruhitpur Ramer Kanda village. With the market flooded with products far cheaper than handloom ones, patronage for their goods dipped.

I like the use of colours in the move dyed fabric images, i might take these images as my colour inspiration.

PROCESS- Flow Of Water

## Water falls

A waterfall is a geological formation that occurs when water flowing over a rock layer that is harder and therefore more resistant to erosion than an underlying layer. When the top layer is broken by the water a short height. Most falls are over many years, the result of cutting out a riverbed. Usually the ground is quite hard stone above a softer.

## Process - Layering

- Looking at Tussles, layering of the tussles reminded me of the water flow and the submerged body/ over flow of water.

## Chloe McGeehan

Love the use of bright colours and how the fabric flows on the body and the movement it creates .

SUBMERGED

This shows the  very hectic environment in Bangladesh during flooding. the pictures below shows the real victims  in their own communities while the waters surround their bodies, often almost completely submerging them.

The images i have  selected is trying to demonstrate the shared vulnerability of people hit by the floods, people who have often had their homes or livelihoods completely destroyed by natural disasters.

## Materials- Zip

- looking at Zip functioning on a garment as a protective element as flooding makes people loose a lot things from shelter, to family to belongings.

- the idea of lack of protection is inspiring me to add something to the garment that would demonstrate protection, like lots of zips or pockets.

## New York Spring 2009

The Zip idea used in the garment in the garment very differently. I am trying to use this inspiration to combine the zips in my textural samples.

## 2nd September 1988. Dhaka Bangladesh.

THE STORY OF THE INDIVIDUALS LOOSING THEIR HOME IN THE 1988 FLOODING AND SEEKING FOR SHELTER FOR SURVIVAL.

Wading down a street near Kamlapur railway station.

Image Source: “Dreamland Photographers”, the local studio, was still open for business. 2nd September 1988.

## BOOK RESEARCH

NESTING BIRDS - THE HABITATS OF BIRDS by PETER STEYN

THE LIFE OF BIRDS, by David Attenborough, BBC

SOUCE: CSM library

Image source : BOOK RESEARCH : Steyn, P. and Du Plessis, M.A. (1996) Nesting birds: The breeding habits of southern African birds. South Africa: Fernwood Press (Pty) Ltd ,South Africa.

In-line Citation:

(Steyn and Du Plessis, 1996)

IMAGE SOURCE: BOOK RESEARCH : Attenborough, D. and Attenborough, S.D. (1998) The life of birds. London: BBC Books, London.

In-line Citation:

(Attenborough and Attenborough, 1998)

IMAGE SOURCE: BOOK RESEARCH CSM LIBRARY: Steyn, P. and Du Plessis, M.A. (1996) Nesting birds: The breeding habits of southern African birds. South Africa: Fernwood Press (Pty) Ltd ,South Africa.

In-line Citation:

(Steyn and Du Plessis, 1996)

## focusing only on one side of the body.

Experimenting with shapes by stitching the shapes together on calico to create 3D development pieces.

MATERIL: Calico

Process : Stitching

## Elodie Laurent

Looking at garment design to see how the nest Idea of folding and twisting can be interpreted onto the body as a fabric development.

## Draping on the body- constructing shapes in a 3D form.

More draping development , where I am am deconstructing an existing garment by taking parts out and applying it with my drape. this process of applies to my theme very well, reflecting back to my proposal suggests that the existing garment that i am using here is thrown away and i am looking at the ideas of using waste material.

## Sourcing materials

Image Source: Whitechapel Gallery, Assemble Exhibition. photo by me.

PRIMARY IMAGE

IMAGE SOURCE: Photo taken by me, at CSM library

## 3D Sculpture made from wood pieces.

The word “kantha” originally suggests a light quilt of mild winters and cool monsoon nights. Though the concept exists in almost all parts of the world, the form of quilting that prevails in Bengal is unique and not only serves as a functional article but also represents the cultural identity and folk art of this land.

It is essentially a women’s art since the development of kantha art emerged out of the creative expressions of rural women as gifts for loved ones. Several layers of used or worn out materials such as saris, lungis and dhotis are stitched together to make a single kantha. The colourful patterns and designs that are embroidered on these articles resulted in the name “Nakshi Kantha”- derived from the word “naksha” which refers to artistic patterns.

Different forms of the running kantha stitch are named according to the pattern each creates. While each kantha has designs that are unique to its maker’s imagination, usually there is a basic traditional pattern. Some of the most common motifs used are: lotus, solar, moon, chakra or wheel, swastika, tree-of-life, kalka, water, mountain, fish, boat, agricultural items and animals (elephant, horses, peacocks, tiger, monkeys, etc).

## BATICK PRINT

The art of batik is a three-stage process of waxing, dyeing and dewaxing (removing the wax). There are also several sub-processes like preparing the cloth, tracing the designs, stretching the cloth on the frame, waxing the area of the cloth that does not need dyeing, preparing the dye, dipping the cloth in dye, boiling the cloth to remove wax and washing the cloth in soap.

## Andreas Savvy - Oval Frontiers, 2016 synthetic rope, wood, hardware varied dimensions

Trying to drape and see how I can use the structure as part of the garment such as the sleeve. Experimenting to generate ideas.

## women In Bangladesh making kheta

What I like about Andreas Savva's this piece of work is how the rope interventions jump and grab at tree branches, leaves and rocks. I also like the way the notting creates this geometric pattern and over lapping it gives interesting shapes and pattern. I think I might use this idea and drape on the body by over lapping my 3D structures.

## Mini Robots Build New Structures From Carbon Fibre

Image source: Whitechapel Gallery- Assemble Exhibition. Photo taken by me

What is facinating about this image is its use of carbon fibre to create the 3D structure. this very effective and quite inspiring how the traditional weaving technique is used in a contemporary way.

## Drapes on the body inspired by the architectural element of shelter

Image source: CSM Book Sale : (Architecture Education In The Islamic World)

Architecture Education In The Islamic World. 1st ed. [Singapore]: Published by Concept Media Pte. Ltd. Singapore, for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 1986. Print.

## Text box

: IMAGE SOURCE: CSM BOOK SALE :(Architecture Education In The Islamic World)

Architecture Education In The Islamic World. 1st ed. [Singapore]: Published by Concept Media Pte. Ltd. Singapore, for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 1986. Print.

IMAGE SOURCE: Photo taken by my

Location: Brady arts and community centre.

I have developed this structure from my previous wooden structures and rapped it with fabric to give it a complete finish look.

## Batick

The story of PEOPLE TREE

### A SIMPLE IDEA

'People Tree is recognised by customers and the fashion industry as a pioneer in ethical and environmentally sustainable fashion. For over 25 years, People Tree has partnered with Fair Trade producers, garment workers, artisans and farmers in the developing world to produce ethical and eco fashion collections. Fair Trade is about creating a new way of doing business; creating access to markets and opportunities for people who live in the developing world.'

People Tree developed the first integrated supply chain for organic cotton from farm to final product and we were the first organisation anywhere to achieve GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certification on a supply chain entirely in the developing world.

## Visited the Headoffice of People Tree

Image source: People Tree Head Office in Old Spitalfields market, Photo taken by me.

'SURROUNDINGS'

THE ENVIRONMENT

Climate change is a large-scale, long-term shift in the planet's weather patterns or average temperatures. Earth has had tropical climates and ice ages many times in its 4.5 billion years.

Remember, climate is global and long-term.

So what's happening now?

## Human activity is a major cause of air pollution, much of which results from industrial processes. Credit: cherwell.org

Should cities sue fossil fuel companies for climate change costs?

Pollution is one of the biggest global killers, affecting over 100 million people.

## PROCESS- Collage

### IMAGE SOURCE: https://uk.pinterest.com/pin/359162139008550413/

Creating waste & getting rid of waste

To demonstrating support for environmental action we really need to think the amount of people living on this earth, which is currently 7.4 billion and in many Western countries, each person generates 1.95kg of waste every day. that is a lot of waste. However, there is a lot of things that does' need to turn into waste and can be used to create something else.

Some of these waste most of the time pollutes the surrounding, by polluting water for example also during the waste also emits more CO2 , which effects the global worming, as the sea level rises, which causes natural disasters such as flooding.

## River Pollution

"The Ganges River, which runs throughout India and Bangladesh, is the primary source of water for about 420 million people. The river directly and indirectly affects more people than any other river in the world. Not only is it relied on for drinking water, agriculture, and household use, the Ganges is also India's most holy river and attracts millions of Hindu pilgrims every year with it "healing powers"."

WASTE

- HIGH CO2 EMISSIONS

- CONSUMPTION OF NON RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES

-WATER POLLUTION DUE TO WASTE

## MAKE SIMPLE CHANGES

• Buy a Reusable Water Bottle
• Use Totes instead of Plastic Bags
• Discover other helpful tips at: Life without Plastic.

## PROCESS- Recycling

Rayo (Ray), 2011 by Alejandro Duran -Transforming a trash Landscape

Derrame (Spill), 2010 by Alejandro Durán

What I like about Alejandro Durán's pieces of work is the use of colour he uses. It is interesting and affective because it makes the material stand out and the focus only goes to his work rather than the location. Using his collected plastic and displaying them in the coastline makes it even more realist and makes the viewer realise the impact of the waste. I will would like to take the use of colour as an inspiration for this project.

Algas (Algae), 2013 by Alejandro Duran

Plastiflor, 2011 by Alejandro Durán

Mar (Sea), 2013 by Alejandro Duran

Process - Spray painting

MATERIAL- Plastic

Amanecer (Dawn), 2011 By Alejandro Durán-his work examines the fraught intersections of man and nature.

Espuma (Foam), 2011 by Alejandro Durán

Small Moons by SuttonBeresCuller is Chaotically Planetary

This installation piece comprised of what at first appears to be garbage. In reality, they are simply made up of a chaotic mess of objects mounted on a wireframe including skateboards, lamps, books, toys and more.

http://www.trendhunter.com/trends/small-moons

SuttonBeresCuller: Small Moons

## PROCESS- Recycling

Image source: CSM LIBRARY

- WASTE, RECYCLING AND REUSE BY SALLY MORGAN

## BOOK RESEARCH

CSM Library : SUPERLUH

SAMERT LIGHT ART, DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE FOR CITIES BY DAVINA JACKSON

## PROCESS-TYING

THE ABOVE TWO IMAGES ARE ARE A DEMONSTRATION OF THE ENVIONMENT BY  LUZ INTERRUPTS

-THIS IS A STREET ART

-PORTRAING THE POSITIVE SIGNIFICANCE OF WATER.

PROCESS- Painting

Looking at the use of colour and how the use of merging different colours makes the painting more effective.

## Gerhard Richter

I love Richter's use of color and texture which creates this abstract character to the paintings, which are photorealistic. it almost reminds me of the river and it colour.

Abstract canvases by Gerhard Richter

Yinka Ilori

Yinka Ilori is a London based designer. He specialises in up-cycling vintage furniture, inspired by the traditional Nigerian parables and African fabrics that surrounded him as child. Humorous, provocative and fun, each piece of furniture he creates tells a story.

PROCESS:

-UP-CYCLING

MATERIALS        - WOOD

- PLASTIC

## During flooding- the over flow of water - covering the entire body is quite scary as except the head the body isn't visiable anymore. This a;almost reminds me of the SUBMERGED body.

LOOKING AT HOW THE WET FABRIC DRAPE ON THE BODY

## Preen at New York Fashion Week Spring 2009

GARMENT FUNCTIONING/ PROCESS

- ZIP

PROCESS - PLAITS

## Burberry Exhibition- the Makers House - PROCESS -LAYERING

What I have found interesting about this piece of garment is the use of layering with the same material (rope), like they way it drapes , it reminds me of water and the submerged body as its very heavy and if you ware it, as if  it will pull you down.

WHAT I FIND INTERESTING IS THE STORY BEHIND THIS BASKET, WHERE PEOPLE MAKE HUGE BASKET AND TYE THEM HIGH IN THE TREE WHERE THEY STORE THEIR BELONGINGS TO PROTECTED IT FROM FLOODING.

THE BASKET ALSO REMINDS ME OF BIRDS NEST, WHERE THE BIRDS KEEPS THEMSELVES PROTECTED.

## LAVANDULA- PROCESS-gathered layers and raw edges

PATRICK DOUGHERTY

Experiment with tree saplings as construction material, which gives flexibility to his structures.

I find his process very inspiring , as it makes me want to go out and create things. i think its very attractive for its scale and use of material.

WHAT I CAN CONNECT TO THE NEST IS PROTECTION. IN TERMS THAT SOMETIMES PEOPLE WANT TO STAY HOME/INDOORS FOR ANONYMITY. SO THAT THEY CAN FEEL THAT THEY ARE NOT VULNERABLE.

As nest in bigger scale provides shelter. It is a symbolism for home. To me it protrays your identity and where you come from. It's like resonating the association with the environment.

PROCESS- Nesting

MATERIAL- Sampling/ Tree Brunches

## FOUND MATERIAL

I have taken brushes from this tree to weave for some of my samples.

Image source: Photo taken by me. Taken at Kings Cross.

PROCESS Hanginng

MATERIL Wire

## Lethaby exhibition

I like the Idea of how the nest idea has been emphasised in the images below. I think I TAKE THIS iDEA AND DO MY SAMPLES IN A BIGGER SCALE TO SEE WHAT AAND HOW CAN develop that.

## VISIT TO THE WHITECHAPEL GALLERY

Exhibition: ASSEMBLE With Granby Workshop: Brickfield.

What was more interesting is the process of the Brick making and in the exhibition they have only used one material which is Brick, which are one of the city's basic structural components. Extracting soil from the ground, drying the clay, crushing, pressing, cutting and often firing and then laying to form walls and buildings was fascinating because the amount of process it goes through does have a negative impact in the environment for the use of its heavy machinery.

Image Source: Whitechapel Gallery, Assemble Exhibition. photo by me.

The video demonstrates the machinery used to make the bricks.

Source: Whitechapel Gallery' video taken by me.

## Process

-Looking at garment construction that resembles falling apart  in garment design , as it conveys the message of people loosing everything in their life from flooding.

I have been inspired my the detailed work at the Makers House Exhibition. I am thinking of using this ideas as an inspiration to create textile samples which are detailed and beautiful.

## looking at raised plinth unconventional architecture

Rising three stories high, it features a wide base that tapers upwards in opposition to the surrounding trees, which have narrow tree trunks and large foliage on top. To me it looks likes a protective shelter which stands in a orchard.

## FALL 2015 COUTURE Viktor & Rolf

What I like about this design it's how the sculpture piece is played on the body had creates a contrast to the garment on the base. I think it's visually very effective.

## What I like about this architecture is its use of shape in the interior that is a huge contrast to its exterior.

Image source: CSM Library, Photo taken by me.

## Process- Kntting

Kevin McCloud build a cabin in the woods. He recycled, re-used and re-purposed to create his very own self-designed and self-built structure, that is movable, a shelter that can be moved to anywhere.

This is something, that i found interesting for the process of movement , a shelter that you an take with you where ever you go also because its made of everything that is recycled.

http://www.shedblog.co.uk/2012/09/19/kevin-mccloud-goes-off-grid-and-builds-a-shed/#jp-carousel-8110

## Abstract, Interactive Sculpture

Hong Kong's Urban Cityscape Informs This Abstract, Interactive Sculpture.

## DEZEEN- Bernardo Bader perches larch-clad home over concrete plinth in Austrian mountains

The mosque sits on a raised plinth, which protects it from floodwater and creates a communal area for relaxing that also separates the building from the busy streetscape.

## Designer Stéphane Martello

Every single part of this shelter has been recycled and manually constructed.